Inflammatory gum disease, or gingivitis, is common in cats. Gingivitis and other dental disorders are common in cats older than three, often brought on by poor food, disease, or abnormalities in their anatomy. Short-nosed breeds, like Persian cats, are more likely to suffer from gingivitis due to teeth that are improperly aligned. Inflammation of the gums can cause severe discomfort and, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss, bone infection, and the introduction of harmful bacteria into the bloodstream through diseased oral tissues. An internal bacterial infection in a cat poses risks to multiple body systems. Both preventative and curative treatments can help reduce your cat’s risk of developing gingivitis and benefit their general health.
How to diagnose gingivitis in cats?
Cats are masters at hiding their emotions, so even if they are experiencing severe mouth pain, you might not notice it. Significant dental disease can affect even healthy, active cats. Because a veterinarian even from a spay & neuter clinic may often spot markers of diseases just by monitoring an animal, bringing your cat in for a regular annual exam is crucial for diagnosing dental disease.
How to treat gingivitis in cats?
Gingivitis treatment involves scrubbing away tartar and calculus from teeth and fixing or pulling out any teeth that have become unstable or damaged. If you suffer from inflamed gums or teeth, you should get regular dental cleanings and X-rays while under anesthetic from places like Palmyra Animal Clinic. Stomatitis in cats often results in the need for veterinary tooth extractions. This aids in making sure the cats’ jaws don’t hurt.
The frequency of dental examinations for your cat will depend on the degree of periodontal disease. Extraction of baby teeth (sometimes called deciduous teeth) is sometimes recommended by veterinarians if a cat’s adult teeth are crowded. You should bring your cat in for frequent exams and have the vet show you how to clean his or her teeth.
How to prevent gingivitis in cats?
One strategy to prevent gingivitis is to use a cat-specific toothbrush and toothpaste, both of which can be purchased at pet stores. Cats need to be acclimated to being brushed over time and frequently.
Make your cat comfortable with toothbrushes and toothpaste.
Cats can be trained to learn more about the taste of toothpaste and brushing their teeth with tasty treats if you set out a dish of treats on the counter next to the supplies. To help them adjust to the taste of toothpaste, you can give them a small amount to lick off your finger.
Make your cat comfortable with you touching their mouth.
Choose a dental care routine your cat enjoys and focus on the canine teeth. Once they’re used to it, move it farther into their mouth so that it rests on their teeth. This will get them used to having their hands near their mouth, making introducing the toothpaste much easier.
After getting your cat acquainted with the toothbrush and toothpaste, you’ll have an easier time cleaning their teeth. They should spend 15-30 seconds brushing along the gum line, focusing on the outer teeth, and then be rewarded with a treat.
If you think your cat may be undergoing dental problems, schedule an appointment with your vet immediately. It can be challenging to see your pet’s mouth at home, but your veterinarian can do it easily. If your cat has stopped eating or cannot keep his or her mouth closed, you should seek the advice of a veterinarian immediately.