Immigration Medical: Understanding the Process in Canada

When applying for permanent or temporary residency in Canada, applicants must undergo an immigration medical exam as part of their application process. This exam verifies the applicant’s physical and mental health to ensure they pose no risk to public health or safety. In this article, we will take you through the various stages of the immigration medical exam process and answer some of the most frequently asked questions related to this crucial step in the Canadian immigration process.

Who Needs an Immigration Medical Exam?

Applicants who plan to stay for six months or less generally do not require a medical exam unless they intend to work in jobs that bring them into close contact with people or those in an agricultural setting. If you plan to stay for more than six months, you need a medical exam if you have lived in certain countries or territories for at least six months within the last year, or if you will work in a job that necessitates public health protection.

Choosing a Panel Physician

To undergo the medical exam, you must choose a doctor from a list of approved panel physicians. Your own doctor cannot conduct the exam. In certain areas, such as Waterloo, finding a panel physician in Waterloo can be as simple as visiting the Government of Canada’s website and selecting from their approved list. The panel physician performs the medical exam and sends the results to the Canadian immigration authorities, who will make the final decision on your application.

Preparing for Your Immigration Medical Exam

When preparing for your medical exam, keep the necessary documents handy, such as a valid passport, recent photographs (if needed), medical history questionnaires, and any relevant medical reports. It is essential to fill out the questionnaire accurately, as any discrepancies can lead to delays in processing your application.

What to Expect During the Exam

An immigration medical exam typically encompasses a physical examination, a chest x-ray, and blood tests. At times, you may be referred to a specialist, depending on your exam results. Vaccinations are voluntary, but the panel physician can offer you vaccines for preventable diseases to ensure you are protected against them.

Immigration Medical Exam Frequently Asked Questions

We understand that applicants may have several questions regarding the medical exam process. We have compiled some of the most common immigration medical exam frequently asked questions to guide you through and assist you in understanding the exam requirements and procedures.

  1. Where can I find an approved panel physician?
    Panel physicians can be found on the Government of Canada’s website. You can search and select one from their list of approved physicians for your area.
  2. How long is the medical exam result valid?
    The medical exam results are valid for 12 months. If you do not arrive in Canada within that time frame, you may need to undergo another exam.
  3. Is vaccination against COVID-19 mandatory?
    No, the COVID-19 vaccination is not mandatory for the exam. However, you can voluntarily receive a Canada-approved COVID-19 vaccine if offered by the panel physician.
  4. Can I get a copy of my medical exam results?
    Yes, you can request a copy of your medical exam results from the panel physician at the time of the examination.

Additional Resources for Immigration Medical Clinic Information

If you need more information about immigration medical exam procedures and requirements, visit this page on the Government of Canada’s website. You will find plenty of resources to help you understand the process and requirements for the medical exam. Another helpful resource is the immigration medical clinic’s website, where you can find valuable information and tips for making the process smooth and hassle-free.


Understanding the immigration medical exam requirements and procedures is essential for a successful application process. By following the guidelines and being prepared with all necessary documents, applicants can ease their way through the exam and move forward with their Canadian immigration journey. Remember to seek answers to any questions you may have and utilize available resources to ensure you are fully informed and prepared.


You may also like...